US Citizen Working Remotely for Canadian Company Taxes Explained

Remote work is alluring and has become an integral part of the traditional office environment after the break of COVID-19. It has many advantages and gives you the freedom to work independently from anywhere in the world. Moreover, there are fewer restrictions compared to an office job.

The benefits come with responsibilities, and one of the most important is to understand the US citizen working remotely for Canadian company taxes to ensure you stay in compliance with US federal and state laws.

The article will focus on the tax system for US citizens working remotely for a Canadian company. Although tax implications are not as complicated as those for traditional office workers, it is essential to thoroughly understand everything to stay compliant.

Let’s start with a simple question.

Can I work Remotely for a Canadian company from the United States?

Yes, it is possible to work remotely for a Canadian company from the United States. Many people have been doing it for years. You don’t need a work permit to start remote work, but there are certain things to consider before starting.

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Taxation for a US citizen working Remotely with a Canadian Company

Let’s make one thing clear: you don’t pay double taxes. Taxes will be subjected to US tax laws and regulations, for a US citizen working remotely for a Canadian company. The US follows a citizenship-based taxation system, meaning residents must report their worldwide income irrespective of source. Moreover, any tax the Canadian company holds can be credited to the US thanks to the US-Canada tax treaty. 

So, you will have to report the income earned from the Canadian company on your US tax return.

Do you Pay US Taxes if you Work Remotely in Canada?

Let’s understand the tax implications of working remotely with a Canadian company. As mentioned above, the taxation of your income will be subject to US tax laws and regulations.

Full-time remote workers have two classes depending on their work status.

●      Standard remote workers are full-time staff of a company. They receive tax forms and benefits related to the country’s local benefits and requirements.

●      Independent contractors are those who are paid outside of regular staff requirements. They don’t qualify for benefits and have to handle their taxes by themselves. Independent remote contractors can apply their business expenses to their income. For example, if you buy a chair for your home office, you can take the amount out of your earned income, reducing the taxable income.

US independent contractors have to pay self-employment taxes, that is usually taken care of by the business you work for.

As of 2023, the top income tax rate is 37%, except for long-term capital gains and qualified dividends. 

Here are the tax rates and brackets for a single taxpayer of 2023.  

Taxable Income USDTax Rate %
$0 to 11,00010
$11,001 to 44,72512
$44,726 to 95,37522
$95,376 to 182,10024
$182,101 to 231,25032
$231,251 to 578,12535

Source: Tax Summaries

The taxes are for a single taxpayer as we move to married and head-of-household taxpayers; the taxable income increases while the tax rate remains the same.

For example, a married taxpayer will pay a 10% tax for income up to $22,000, and a head of the household taxpayer will have income up to $15,000 for a 10% tax.

Where do I Pay Taxes if I Work Remotely for a Canadian Company?

Whether you are a full-time remote worker, freelancer, or independent contractor, you have to file your taxes with the US government.

As an independent contractor, you will file Schedule C to report your income earned with the company. Since the US and Canada have a tax treaty, the bilateral agreement eliminates double social security and Medicare taxes. 

Social Security and Medicare taxes are also called self-employment taxes because self-employed and remote workers pay them. The tax rate is 15.3%, divided into two parts: 12.4% social security and 2.9% Medicare.

Previously, remote employees had to pay double social security and medicare taxes on a single income, but the treaty has simplified the process. Now, employees only pay taxes in their home country.

How Remote Workers Can Save Some Taxes?

Saving taxes as a remote worker in the US is difficult. But if you are an independent contractor, freelancer, or self-employed worker, you can save some by keeping track of your home office expenses.

Keep track of all your office expenses, including business travel, phone and internet bills, electricity, furniture, computer, etc. It is essential to keep receipts and detailed records of everything. We even recommend taking before and after pictures to ensure reasonable defense for yourself.

The office expenses will allow you to reduce your taxable income, reducing due taxes to the US.

Take Away

Embracing the opportunity to work remotely with a Canadian company while living in the US is rewarding. But it comes with its own set of challenges and benefits. So, it is vital to thoroughly understand the tax laws and regulations to counter the challenges and make the most out of this unique arrangement.

It is difficult to navigate the complex implications of US citizens working remotely for Canadian company taxes.

However, professional guidance from can help you better understand international taxation and cross-border arrangements. We ensure you stay compliant with US and Canadian tax laws and make appropriate arrangements.

Contact us today and get started on US taxes.

FAQs: US Citizen Working Remotely for Canadian Company Taxes

How can I avoid double taxation in the US and Canada?

The US has tax treaties with Canada that prevent double taxation. US citizens have to file a US tax return regardless of where they live or work. In Canada, you are only taxed when you are a resident of Canada. However, Canadian employers will deduct Canadian federal and provincial income tax, CPP (Canadian Pension Plan), and EI (employment insurance) from your income.
Canadian Pension Plan is a social insurance plan funded by the contributions of employees, employers. It is the same as social security taxes in the US. Employment investment is a temporary support employers provide to unemployed workers when seeking employment. It also benefits employees when they take time off work due to life events like illness.  
The Canada tax treaty prevents US citizens from paying double taxes on income earned and taxed in Canada. But you have to file your US federal tax return accurately on time; otherwise, you could face double taxation, denial of legitimate expense, interest charges, or penalties on incomplete or inaccurate forms. 
Foreign tax credits also help you avoid double taxes. If a US citizen subjected to US taxes has paid tax to Canada, they can claim a foreign tax credit to offset the taxes they paid in Canada. 

Do you pay US taxes if you work remotely in Canada?

If a Canadian company hires you to work remotely from the US, then the taxation of your income will be subject to US tax laws and regulations. America follows a citizenship-based tax system. This means if you live in the USA, you must declare your worldwide income irrespective of source.